Every September, Peruvian restaurants and famous chefs from around the world gather in Lima for a celebration of Peruvian cuisine. The word mistura means "mixture" in Portuguese. And the cuisine served at Mistura, the biggest food festival in Latin America, certainly reflects a fusion of cultural dishes.
"Mistura is the culinary stronghold for one of the greatest cuisines of the world," says Victor Albisu, chef and owner of Del Campo, a South American grill in Washington, D.C. "It's the place to be in September."
The gastronomic fair is part of the Peruvian "food boom" that's put Lima on the map for epicurean excellence, according to The Wall Street Journal and others. The festival has grown from just 30,000 attendees back in its first year, 2008, to an estimated 600,000 this year.
Indeed, food may be the country's greatest passion. "Peru is the only country in the whole world where food is the most important thing," Gastón Acurio, one of the country's top chefs, says in a 2012 Facebook post. "You go to Brazil, it's soccer. If you go to Colombia, it's music. But in Peru, the most important source of pride is food."
In Peru, food is exalted, and chefs are celebrities. When they comment on politics and current events, people listen. A visit from Acurio would be like getting pulled onstage by Oprah.
But to understand why Mistura is so popular, and why Peruvians love their food and their chefs with such fiery passion, you have to know the violence that plagued this country for decades.